What is Root Canal Treatment?

It is removal of the inflamed or infected pulp, cleaning and shaping of the tooth’s root and then sealing the prepared site. Generally finished in 1 to 3 appointments ranging from 30 to 90 minutes each. The tooth is then generally restored with a crown.

What is the dental pulp?

The pulp is the soft tissue that contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. It lies within the tooth and extends from the crown of the tooth to the tip of the root in the bone of the jaws.

What happens if the pulp gets injured?

When the pulp is diseased or injured and can’t repair itself, it dies. The most common cause of pulp death is a cracked tooth or a deep cavity. Both of these problems can let germs (bacteria) enter the pulp. Germs can cause an infection inside the tooth. Left without treatment, pus builds up at the root tip, in the jawbone, forming a “pus-pocket” called an abscess. An abscess can cause damage to the bone around the teeth.

Why does the pulp need to be removed?

When the infected pulp is not removed, pain and swelling can result. Certain byproducts of the infection can injure your jaw bones. Without treatment, your tooth may have to be removed.

What are the symptoms for a RCT?

The patient has prolonged sensitivity to heat or cold, spontaneous pain, discolouration of the tooth, swelling or tenderness of the tooth or adjacent gums.